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Books by and about 2020 presidential candidates
Crippled America,
by Donald J. Trump (2015)
Fire and Fury,
by Michael Wolff (2018)
Trump Revealed,
by Michael Kranish and Marc Fisher (2016)
The Making of Donald Trump,
by David Cay Johnston (2016)
Promise Me, Dad ,
by Joe Biden (2017)
The Book of Joe ,
by Jeff Wilser (2019; biography of Joe Biden)
The Truths We Hold,
by Kamala Harris (2019)
Smart on Crime,
by Kamala Harris (2010)
Guide to Political Revolution,
by Bernie Sanders (2017)
Where We Go From Here,
by Bernie Sanders (2018)
Our Revolution,
by Bernie Sanders (2016)
This Fight Is Our Fight,
by Elizabeth Warren (2017)
United,
by Cory Booker (2016)
Conscience of a Conservative,
by Jeff Flake (2017)
Two Paths,
by Gov. John Kasich (2017)
Every Other Monday,
by Rep. John Kasich (2010)
Courage is Contagious,
by John Kasich (1998)
Shortest Way Home,
by Pete Buttigieg (2019)
Becoming,
by Michelle Obama (2018)
Higher Loyalty,
by James Comey (2018)
The Making of Donald Trump,
by David Cay Johnston (2017)
Higher Loyalty ,
by James Comey (2018)
Trump vs. Hillary On The Issues ,
by Jesse Gordon (2016)
Outsider in the White House,
by Bernie Sanders (2015)

Book Reviews

(from Amazon.com)

(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)

Legislative voting records for Virginia House and Senate


(Click for external website)

    Virginia state legislative voting records, including these candidates:

  • VA-D Mark Herring candidate for Governor 2021
    State Attorney General, 2014-2022
    State Senator 2006-2013

  • VA-R Kirk Cox - Candidate for Governor 2021
    Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates, 2010-2019
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 66th district, since 1990

  • VA-D Jennifer Carroll Foy - Candidate for Governor 2021
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 2nd district, 2018-2020

  • VA-D Jennifer McClellan - Candidate for Governor 2021
    Member of the Virginia Senate, 9th district, since 2017
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 71st district, 2006-2016

  • VA-R Amanda Chase, 2020 candidate for Governor
    Member of the Virginia Senate, 11th district, since 2016

  • VA-R   Ben Cline   - Elected 2018 to U.S.House (R-VA-6)
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from the 24th district (2002-2018)

  • VA-R Nick Freitas, 2018 candidate for Senate
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 30th district, since 2016

  • VA-R Bob McDonnell Governor 2010-2013
    State Attorney General, 2006-2009
    State Rep. 1992-2005

  • VA-R Ken Cuccinelli Governor candidate 2013
    State Attorney General, 2010-2013
    State Senator 2002-2009
    DHS Deputy Secretary 2019-2021

  • VA-D Creigh Deeds - 2009 Democratic nominee for Governor
    Member of the Virginia State Senate, District 25, since 2001
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 18th district, 1992-2001

  • VA-R Tom Garrett - Elected 2016 to U.S. House, VA-5, 2017-2018
    Member of the Virginia State Senate, District 22, 2012-2016
    Commonwealth Attorney of Louisa County, 2008-2012

  • VA-D Donald McEachin - Elected 2016 to U.S. House, VA-4
    Member of the Virginia Senate, District 9, 2008 - 2016
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 1996 - 2001 and 2006 to 2008.

  • VA-R - Scott Taylor - - 2020 candidate for U.S. House VA-2 district
    Former member of U.S. House, VA-2 district, 2017-2018
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates, District 85, 2014-2016

  • VA-D Ralph Northam - 2017 Candidate for Governor
    Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
    Member of the Virginia Senate from the 6th district, 2008 2014

  • VA-R Rob Wittman - 2016 candidate for Senate
    Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia's 1st district, since 2007
    Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from the 99th district, 2006 2007

  • VA-R Mark Earley - candidate for Governor 2001
    State Senator 1988-1997
    State Attorney General, 1998-2001

 OnTheIssues.org excerpts:  (click on issues for details)
Abortion
    Jennifer McClellan: Don't require sonogram before getting an abortion.
    ACLU: Fetal rights don't override a woman's privacy right.
    Amanda Chase: Fetal rights apply in born-alive abortions.
    Ben Cline: Require sonogram before getting an abortion.
    Donald McEachin: Repeal sonogram requirement to get an abortion.
    Frank Wagner: Require sonogram before getting an abortion.
    Heritage Foundation: Fetal rights apply in born-alive abortions.
    Jennifer Wexton: Women's access to reproductive and contraceptive services.
    Nick Freitas: Fetal rights apply in born-alive abortions.
    Ralph Northam: Repeal sonogram requirement to get an abortion.
    Tom Garrett: Require sonogram before getting an abortion.
Civil Rights
    Jennifer McClellan: Against requiring photo ID for absentee ballots.
    Jennifer McClellan: Voted NO on religious freedom to avoid same-sex marriage.
    Ben Cline: Religious freedom supersedes right to same-sex marriage.
    Ben Cline: Require absentee ballot applicants to provide photo ID.
    Carol Miller: Religious freedom supersedes right to same-sex marriage.
    Creigh Deeds: Against requiring photo ID for absentee ballots.
    Donald McEachin: Voted NO on religious freedom to avoid same-sex marriage.
    Donald McEachin: Ratify the Equal Rights Amendment.
    Donald McEachin: Against requiring photo ID for absentee ballots.
    Frank Wagner: Religious freedom supersedes right to same-sex marriage.
    Frank Wagner: Don't ratify the Equal Rights Amendment.
    Scott Taylor: Religious freedom supersedes right to same-sex marriage.
    Scott Taylor: Require absentee ballot applicants to provide photo ID.
    Terry McAuliffe: Don't pretend anti-gay discrimination is 'religious freedom'.
    Terry McAuliffe: Veto requiring photo ID for absentee ballots.
    Tom Garrett: Religious freedom supersedes right to same-sex marriage.
    Tom Garrett: Don't ratify the Equal Rights Amendment.
    Tom Garrett: Require absentee ballot applicants to provide photo ID.
Crime
    Jennifer McClellan: Expand death penalty to accessories of capital murder.
    Jennifer McClellan: No secret purchases of lethal injection drugs.
    Jennifer McClellan: Capital crime for murder of law enforcement officers.
    ACLU: Oppose expanding death penalty in Virginia.
    Amanda Chase: Capital crime for murder of law enforcement officers.
    Ben Cline: Secret purchase of lethal injection drugs for death penalty.
    Ben Cline: Expand death penalty to accessories of capital murder.
    Bob McDonnell: Allow use of drones for law enforcement.
    Carol Miller: Secret purchase of lethal injection drugs for death penalty.
    Creigh Deeds: Expand death penalty to accessories of capital murder.
    Creigh Deeds: Capital crime for murder of law enforcement officers.
    Donald McEachin: No secret purchases of lethal injection drugs.
    Donald McEachin: Oppose death penalty for accessories of capital murder.
    Frank Wagner: Secret purchase of lethal injection drugs for death penalty.
    Jennifer Carroll Foy: Capital crime for murder of law enforcement officers.
    Nick Freitas: Secret purchase of lethal injection drugs for death penalty.
    Nick Freitas: Capital crime for murder of law enforcement officers.
    Ralph Northam: Capital crime for murder of law enforcement officers.
    Rob Wittman: Expand death penalty to accessories of capital murder.
    Scott Taylor: Secret purchase of lethal injection drugs for death penalty.
    Terry McAuliffe: Secret purchase of lethal injection drugs, not electrocution.
    Tim Kaine: Vetoed death penalty for accessories of capital murder.
    Tom Garrett: Secret purchase of lethal injection drugs for death penalty.
Drugs
    Ben Cline: Medicinal marijuana is better alternative to opioids.
Education
    Jennifer McClellan: Keep students free from coercive religious messaging.
    Ben Cline: Right to religious student groups & voluntary school prayer.
    Carol Miller: Right to religious student groups & voluntary school prayer.
    Donald McEachin: Keep students free from coercive religious messaging.
    Donald McEachin: No constitutional amendment for charter schools.
    Frank Wagner: Right to religious student groups & voluntary school prayer.
    Frank Wagner: Constitutional amendment for charter schools.
    Jennifer Wexton: Every child deserves a world-class public education.
    Kirk Cox: Right to religious student groups & voluntary school prayer.
    Scott Taylor: Right to religious student groups & voluntary school prayer.
    Terry McAuliffe: Keep students free from coercive religious messaging.
    Tom Garrett: Right to religious student groups & voluntary school prayer.
    Tom Garrett: Constitutional amendment for charter schools.
Government Reform
    Jennifer McClellan: No photo ID for voting.
    Jen Kiggans: Disallow no-excuse absentee voting for all elections.
    Amanda Chase: Disallow no-excuse absentee voting for all elections.
    Ben Cline: Require photo ID for voting.
    Bob McDonnell: Require photo ID for voting.
    Carol Miller: Require photo ID for voting.
    Creigh Deeds: Allow no-excuse absentee voting for all elections.
    Donald McEachin: Allow absentee voting for voter convenience.
    Donald McEachin: No photo ID for voting.
    Frank Wagner: Disallow absentee voting except for a valid reason.
    Frank Wagner: Require photo ID for voting.
    Jennifer McClellan: Allow no-excuse absentee voting for all elections.
    Kirk Cox: Require photo ID for voting.
    Lee Carter: Allow no-excuse absentee voting for all elections.
    Nick Freitas: Allow no-excuse absentee voting for all elections.
    Ralph Northam: Allow no-excuse absentee voting for all elections.
    Tom Garrett: Disallow absentee voting except for a valid reason.
    Tom Garrett: Require photo ID for voting.
Gun Control
    Jennifer McClellan: Don't allow locked concealed weapons in motor vehicles.
    Jennifer McClellan: Share handgun info with Maryland despite no reciprocity.
    Ben Cline: Allow locked concealed weapons in motor vehicles.
    Ben Cline: Bar sharing handgun info with states without reciprocity.
    Creigh Deeds: Postpone ban on assault weapons and high-capacity magazines.
    Creigh Deeds: Allow locked concealed weapons in motor vehicles.
    Creigh Deeds: Share handgun info with Maryland despite no reciprocity.
    Donald McEachin: No concealed carry without a permit.
    Donald McEachin: Don't allow locked concealed weapons in motor vehicles.
    Donald McEachin: Share handgun info with Maryland despite no reciprocity.
    Frank Wagner: Allow concealed carry without a permit.
    Jennifer Wexton: Ban bump stocks; close the gun show loophole.
    Ralph Northam: No concealed carry without a permit.
    Ralph Northam: Ban assault-style weapons and high-capacity magazines.
    Rob Wittman: Allow locked concealed weapons in motor vehicles.
    Scott Taylor: Bar sharing handgun info with states without reciprocity.
    Terry McAuliffe: Veto restrictions on sharing handgun info with Maryland.
    Tim Kaine: Vetoed allowing locked concealed weapons in motor vehicles.
    Tom Garrett: Allow concealed carry without a permit.
    Tom Garrett: Bar sharing handgun info with states without reciprocity.
Health Care
    Jennifer McClellan: Remove age cap on insurance coverage for autism.
    Amanda Chase: Remove age cap on insurance coverage for autism.
    Creigh Deeds: Remove age cap on insurance coverage for autism.
    Jennifer Carroll Foy: Remove age cap on insurance coverage for autism.
    Jennifer Wexton: Expanded Medicaid to 300,000 Virginians in the coverage gap.
    Nick Freitas: Don't remove age cap on insurance coverage for autism.
    Ralph Northam: Remove age cap on insurance coverage for autism.
Homeland Security
    Ben Cline: Ban most use of drones by state and local agencies.
    Donald McEachin: Ban most use of drones by state and local agencies.
    Kirk Cox: Ban most use of drones by state and local agencies.
Immigration
    Jennifer McClellan: Opposed requiring local police to enforce immigration laws.
    Jen Kiggans: Allow questioning immigration status of victims or witnesses.
    ACLU: Opposed requiring local police to enforce immigration laws.
    Amanda Chase: Favored requiring local police to enforce immigration laws.
    Amanda Chase: Allow questioning immigration status of victims or witnesses.
    Creigh Deeds: Opposed requiring local police to enforce immigration laws.
    Creigh Deeds: Bar questioning immigration status of victims or witnesses.
    Donald McEachin: Let sanctuary cities limit federal immigration enforcement.
    Frank Wagner: Hold sanctuary cities liable for crimes by illegal aliens.
    Jennifer Carroll Foy: Opposed requiring local police to enforce immigration laws.
    Jennifer McClellan: Bar questioning immigration status of victims or witnesses.
    Lee Carter: Bar questioning immigration status of victims or witnesses.
    Nick Freitas: Favored requiring local police to enforce immigration laws.
    Nick Freitas: Allow questioning immigration status of victims or witnesses.
    Ralph Northam: Opposed requiring local police to enforce immigration laws.
    Ralph Northam: Bar questioning immigration status of victims or witnesses.
    Tom Garrett: Hold sanctuary cities liable for crimes by illegal aliens.
Jobs
    Jennifer McClellan: Allow requiring prevailing wage on public works projects.
    Jen Kiggans: Allow paying as tipped employees though banned from tips.
    Amanda Chase: Allow paying as tipped employees though banned from tips.
    Ben Cline: Bar requiring prevailing wage on public works projects.
    Creigh Deeds: Allow requiring prevailing wage on public works projects.
    Creigh Deeds: Prohibit paying as tipped employees if banned from tips.
    Donald McEachin: Raise minimum wage from $7.25 to $9.25 per hour.
    Donald McEachin: Allow requiring prevailing wage on public works projects.
    Frank Wagner: Don't raise minimum wage from $7.25 to $9.25 per hour.
    Jennifer McClellan: Prohibit paying as tipped employees if banned from tips.
    Jennifer Wexton: Ensure women doing the same job as men receive equal pay.
    Lee Carter: Prohibit paying as tipped employees if banned from tips.
    Nick Freitas: Allow paying as tipped employees though banned from tips.
    Ralph Northam: Raise minimum wage from $7.25 to $9.25 per hour.
    Ralph Northam: Prohibit paying as tipped employees if banned from tips.
    Scott Taylor: Bar requiring prevailing wage on public works projects.
    Terry McAuliffe: Vetoed ban of prevailing wage on public works projects.
    Tom Garrett: Don't raise minimum wage from $7.25 to $9.25 per hour.
    Tom Garrett: Bar requiring prevailing wage on public works projects.
Technology
    Amanda Chase: Supported Transportation Lockbox: restrict diverting funding.
    Ben Cline: Supported Transportation Lockbox: restrict diverting funding.
    Nick Freitas: Supported Transportation Lockbox: restrict diverting funding.


The above quotations are from Legislative voting records for Virginia House and Senate.

Legislative voting records in each state: 50 states

AK -  AL -  AR -  AZ -  CA -  CO -  CT -  DE -  FL -  GA -  HI -  IA -  ID -  IL -  IN -  KS -  KY -  LA -  MA - 
MD -  ME -  MI -  MN -  MO -  MS -  MT -  NC -  ND -  NE -  NH -  NJ -  NM -  NV -  NY - 
OH -  OK -  OR -  PA -  RI -  SC -  SD -  TN -  TX -  UT -  VA -  VT -  WA -  WI -  WV -  WY - 

Legislative collections: BillTrack50 -  NCSL -  NPAT - 


Legislation citations (from news media or state archives):
  • HB1: BlueVirginia.US, "Virginia House Democrats Usher in Sweeping Expansions to Voting Rights," June 10, 2020
  • HB56: 32BJ SEIU, "Victory! New Virginia Law Gives Airport Employees a Raise," April 22, 2020
  • HB262: University of Richmond Capital News Service, "Senate approves bill to stop police from asking about citizenship status," by Jocelyn Grzeszczak, Feb. 20, 2020
  • HB 227: ACLU press release, "What's Wrong With Fetal Rights," 02/11/20
  • VA HB 227: Heritage Foundation press release, "The Necessity of the Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act." February 21, 2019
  • WTVR 6-News Richmond, "Punishment could stiffen for people who kill police officers in Virginia: 'That's justice'," by Laura French, Feb 18, 2019
  • WTVR 6-News Richmond, "Bill seeks insurance coverage for more Virginians with autism," Jan 15, 2019
  • ACLU-Virginia 2019 Legislative Report on SB 1156 (Sanctuary policies)
  • League of Women Voters on Virginia voting records, (Jennifer Wexton), 9/9/2018
  • HJ 41: Ballotpedia.org summary: Virginia bill HJ 41, 2/8/2018
  • News-Virginian on House VA-6 race voting record, on medicinal marijuana, (Ben Cline), 2/4/2018
  • Ballotpedia.org on Virginia HB-2012, on use of drones, (Cline, McDonnell & McEachin), 1/1/2018
  • Virginia SB41, on same-sex marriage, 3/9/2016
  • Virginia SJ6, on charter schools, (McEachin, Wagner & Garrett), 2/15/2016
  • Virginia HB815, on lethal injection drugs for death penalty, 2/10/2016
  • Virginia SB705, on sanctuary cities, 2/9/2016
  • Virginia SB48, on concealed carry, 2/1/2016
  • Virginia SB106, on absentee voting, (McEachin, Wagner & Garrett), 2/1/2016
  • Virginia SJ1, Equal Rights Amendment, 1/26/2016
  • HB1318: American Civil Liberties Union press release, "ACLU of Virginia Commends Vote to Sustain Governor's Veto of HB 1318," April 15, 2015
  • HB2395: Progress Virginia, "Who Does Delegate Ramadan Work For?" by Larry Meadows, Feb 18, 2015
  • SB948: Williamsburg Yorktown Daily, "Virginia Senate Limits Out-of-State Police Access to Hidden Gun Permits," by Lyndsey Raynor, January 26, 2015
  • Virginia SB 617, on sonogram before abortion, (Donald McEachin), 2/11/2014
  • Virginia SB590, on minimum wage, 2/11/2014
  • Virginia SB236, on voluntary school prayer, 1/21/2014
  • Virginia SB1256, on photo ID for voting, 2/20/2013
  • Virginia HB 462, on sonogram before abortion, (Ben Cline), 2/14/2012
  • Virginia SB 1288: ACLU press release, "Legislators Reject Governor's Attempt to Block Other Death Penalty Expansion Bills", April 4, 2007
  • Virginia HB 1106: National Rifle Association Institute for Legislative Action (NRA-ILA) press release, "Virginia Legislative Update!," Feb. 10, 2006

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