Jared Polis on Environment
We are loving our public lands to death; needs upgrades
Our majestic lands define our state and power our economy. But like many things in our state, growth threatens our enjoyment of these natural treasures. In a very real sense, we are loving our public lands to death. Admissions to state parks have
skyrocketed, and the need for upgraded trails, bathrooms, parking and facilities is urgent. So we are asking the Legislature for a one-time infusion from the General Fund to make important capacity improvements across our State parks system.
We cannot create a system that excludes rural Colorado. We must deliver for everyone in our state, and it's going to take all of us in this room working together to get it done. By investing in our infrastructure and providing more affordable
and convenient transportation options, we will be relieving traffic congestion while also reducing the harmful emissions that blacken our skies and contribute to the climate emergency that remains the challenge of our generation.
Source: 2020 Colorado State of the State address
, Jan 9, 2020
Require real-time emissions monitoring of air toxics
HB21-1189: Regulate Air Toxics - Concerning additional public health protections in relation to the emission of air toxics.
Legislative Summary: House Bill 21-1189, passed by state legislators last year, required polluters like
Suncor to conduct real-time, "fenceline" emissions monitoring and establish emergency notification systems to alert nearby communities of potentially hazardous incidents.
[OTI notes: Suncor is the state's only oil and gas refinery. "Fenceline" monitoring means monitoring technology at the perimeter of the refinery, to measure the air concentration of pollutants.]
Legislative Outcome: Passed Senate 21-14-0 on Jun/2/21; passed House 41-24-0 on Jun/8/21; Signed by Governor Jared Polis on Jun/24/21
Source: Colorado State Legislature voting records HB21-1189
, Feb 15, 2022
Renegotiate Colorado River Compact via cutbacks in CA/NV/AZ
On water policy in the drying West: The Colorado River Compact governs how Colorado and six other states use one of the West's most important water sources. It's set to undergo major changes and negotiations as key guidelines expire in 2026.
The two candidates described how they would lead efforts to renegotiate that agreement amid worsening drought throughout the West.
They both pledged to ensure Colorado gets the water it is due. "We're in a stronger legal position and also a stronger
position because of the nature of water as an upper basin" state, said Polis. "The states that are going to have the harshest cutbacks are of course California, Nevada, and Arizona."
Polis added that he does not support diversion of water from the Western Slope and across basins and that he would make sure that "one part of Colorado is not pitted against another part of Colorado."
Source: CPR News on 2022 Colorado Gubernatorial race
, Oct 26, 2022
Make tax deduction permanent for conservation easements.
Polis signed H.R.1831 & S.812
Amends the Internal Revenue Code to make permanent the tax deduction for charitable contributions by individuals and corporations of real property interests for conservation purposes. Known in the Senate as the Rural Heritage Conservation Extension Act of 2009.
Source: Conservation Easement Incentive Act 09-HR1831 on Mar 31, 2009
Regulate all dog breeders down to kennels of 50 dogs.
Polis co-sponsored PUPS: Puppy Uniform Protection and Safety Act
Congressional Summary:Amends the Animal Welfare Act to define a `high volume retail breeder` as a person who, in commerce, for compensation or profit: has an ownership interest in or custody of one or more breeding female dogs; and sells more than 50 of the offspring of such dogs for use as pets in any one-year period. Considers such a breeder of dogs to be a dealer.
Promulgates requirements for the exercise of dogs at facilities owned or operated by high volume retail breeders, including requiring daily access to exercise that allows the dogs to move sufficiently in a way that is not forced, repetitive, or restrictive; and is in an area that is spacious, cleaned at least once a day, free of infestation by pests or vermin, and designed to prevent the dogs from escaping.
Opponent`s Comments (GSDCA, the German Shepherd Dog Club of America):In the past, legislation has excluded home/hobby breeders. This bill would, for the first time, require
home/hobby breeders to follow the strict USDA requirements, such as engineering standards designed for large commercial kennels and not homes. Such regulations would exceedingly difficult to meet in a home/residential breeding environment. If passed, PUPS would disastrously reduce purposely-bred pups for the public.
There is nothing in this bill that changes the status of already known substandard kennel violators. There is no increase in funding for additional inspectors, nor is increased inspection evaluation education included.
Dogs purposely bred for showing, trialing or other events often are not bred for several years due to many different reasons. Some of these dogs may never be bred, yet are included in the count.
Working kennels maintain a large dog population while they are evaluating dogs; if the dogs do not work out for the purpose for which they were intended, they are often sold as pets. This could bring those working/training kennels under USDA regulations.
Source: HR835/S707 11-H0835 on Feb 28, 2011
Prohibit invasive research on great apes.
Polis signed Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act
The Great Ape Protection and Cost Savings Act prohibits:
- conducting invasive research on great apes
- possessing, maintaining, or housing a great ape for the purpose of conducting invasive research
- using federal funds to conduct such research on a great ape or to support an entity conducting invasive research either within or outside of the US
- knowingly breeding a great ape for the purpose of conducting or facilitating such research
- transporting or selling a great ape in interstate or foreign commerce for conducting or facilitating such research.
Source: S.810&HR1513 11-HR1513 on Apr 13, 2011
- Defines `great ape` as any chimpanzee, bonobo, gorilla, orangutan, or gibbon.
Defines `invasive research` as research that may cause death, injury, pain, distress, fear, or trauma to great apes, including drug testing or exposure to a substance or isolation, or social deprivation.
- Requires the permanent retirement of all great apes that are owned by the federal government and that are being maintained in any facility for the purpose of breeding for, holding for, or conducting invasive research.
- Sets forth civil penalties for violations of this Act.
- Establishes in the Treasury the Great Ape Sanctuary System Fund to be administered for construction, renovation, and operation of the sanctuary system for surplus chimpanzees.
Rated 100% by HSLF, indicating a pro-animal welfare voting record.
Polis scores 100% by the Humane Society on animal rights issues
112th Mid-Term Humane Scorecard: The Humane Society Legislative Fund has posted the final version of the 2011 Humane Scorecard, where you can track the performance of your federal lawmakers on key animal protection issues during last year. We rated legislators based on their voting behavior on measures such as agribusiness subsidies, lethal predator control, and the Endangered Species Act; their cosponsorship of priority bills on puppy mills, horse slaughter, animal fighting, and chimps in research; their support for funding the enforcement of animal welfare laws; and their leadership on animal protection.
All of the priority bills whose cosponsorships we`re counting enjoy strong bipartisan support; in the House, each of the four now has more than 150 cosponsors.
The Humane Scorecard is not a perfect measuring tool, but creating some reasonable yardstick and allowing citizens to hold lawmakers accountable is central to our work. When the Humane Scorecard comes out each year, it helps clarify how the animal protection movement is doing geographically, by party affiliation, and in other categories. It helps us chart our course for animals by seeing where we have been effective, and where we need to improve.
Source: HSLF website 12-HumaneH on Jan 13, 2012
Tighten restrictions on hydrogen sulfide emissions.
Polis sponsored BREATHE Act
Congressional Summary:This Act may be cited as the `Bringing Reductions to Energy`s Airborne Toxic Health Effects Act` or the BREATHE Act.
- Repeals the exemption for aggregation of emissions from oil and gas sources (CAA section 112(n) paragraph 4).
- Considers hydrogen sulfide as a hazardous air pollutant, including oil and gas wells as sources of hydrogen sulfide.
Proponent`s argument for bill: (StopTheFrackAttack.org, July 2012 BREATHE Act Fact Sheet):
The BREATHE Act would close two exemptions in the Clean Air Act (CAA) that threaten the health of communities wrestling with oil and gas production in their backyard. The CAA established limits for major pollution sources; smaller sources of pollutants that are controlled by a single operator, located close to each other, are `aggregated` and considered as one source of emissions.
Unfortunately, the CAA exempts oil and gas wells from aggregation. The BREATHE Act would apply the CAA to oil & gas production.
A 1993 EPA Report to Congress on Hydrogen Sulfide Air Emissions Associated with the Extraction of Oil and Natural Gas clear
Source: H.R.1154 13-H1154 on Mar 14, 2013
Require labeling genetically engineered food.
Polis signed Genetically Engineered Food Right-to-Know Act
- [Require labeling] any food that has been genetically engineered or contains genetically engineered ingredients.
- Defines `genetically engineered` (GE) as a material intended for human consumption that is an organism produced through the intentional use of genetic engineering, or its progeny, without regard to whether the altered molecular or cellular characteristics of the organism are detectable.
Discussion of pro/con (Huffington Post 4/25/2013):
Polls show that the overwhelming majority of Americans--over 90%--supports mandatory labeling of foods with GE ingredients. 64 other countries already require such labels. However, strong opposition from the agriculture and biotech industries has scuttled proposals for GMO (Genetically-Modified Organisms) labeling laws in the past. The most recent and high-profile of these failed attempts at a GMO labeling requirement was California`s Proposition 37, which was narrowly
defeated after opponents spent $50 million lobbying against it. `Unfortunately, advocates of mandatory GMO labeling are working an agenda to vilify biotechnology and scare consumers away from safe and healthful food products,` a Biotechnology Industry Organization spokeswoman wrote.
Argument in opposition (Food Democracy Now 5/26/2012):
Exactly 20 years ago today, the first Bush administration declared genetically engineered foods to be `substantially equivalent` to foods that farmers had traditionally bred for thousands of years. With this single policy, the US government radically altered the food supply, introducing novel genes into our food that had never before been consumed by humans. Corporate executives at Monsanto colluded with elected officials to make sure that their new `products` were placed onto the market as quickly as possible. Two decades later, Americans are still denied the basic right to know what`s in their food because of this infamous policy.
Source: S.809/HR1699 14_H1699 on Apr 24, 2013
Voted NO on requiring limited GMO labeling.
Polis voted NAY DARK Act
A BILL to require the Secretary of Agriculture to establish a national disclosure standard for bioengineered foods.
Cato Institute recommendation on voting YES: President Obama quietly signed legislation requiring special labeling for commercial foods containing genetically modified organisms (GMOs)--plants and animals with desirable genetic traits that were directly implanted in a laboratory. Most of the foods that humans & animals have consumed for millennia have been genetically modified, by cross-fertilization. Yet the new law targets only the highly precise gene manipulations done in laboratories. Anti-GMO activists oppose the new law because it preempts more rigorous regulation. And that`s exactly the goal of this bill, to the frustration of the anti-GMO crowd.
JustLabelit.org recommendation on voting NO (because not restrictive enough): Senators Roberts (R-KS) and Stabenow (D-MI) introduced a compromise bill that would create a mandatory,
national labeling standard for GMO foods. This bill falls short of what consumers expect--a simple at-a-glance disclosure on the package. As written, this compromise might not even apply to ingredients derived from GMO soybeans and GMO sugar beets. We in the consumer rights community have dubbed this the `Deny Americans the Right-to-Know` Act (DARK Act). We need to continue pressing for mandatory GMO labeling on the package.
Heritage Foundation recommendation on voting NO (because too restrictive): The House should allow [states, at their choice,] to impose [a more] restrictive labeling mandate, but prohibit the state from regulating out-of-state food manufacturers engaged in interstate commerce. Instituting a new, sweeping, federal mandate that isn`t based on proven science shouldn`t even be an option.
Legislative outcome: Passed by the Senate on July 7th, passed by the House on July 14th; signed by the President on July 29th
Source: Congressional vote 16-S0764 on Jun 23, 2016
Keep restrictive rules for predator control in Alaska.
Polis voted NAY Disapprove Subsistence Hunting Rule on ANWR
Library of Congress Summary: This joint resolution nullifies the rule finalized by the Department of the Interior on Aug. 5, 2016, relating to non-subsistence takings of wildlife and public participation and closure procedures on National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska.
Case for voting YES by House Republican Policy Committee: The Fish and Wildlife Service rule--which lays claim to more than 20% of Alaska--violates ANILCA (Alaska National Interest Land Conservation Act) and the Alaska Statehood Compact. Not only does [the existing 2016 rule] undermine Alaska`s ability to manage fish and wildlife upon refuge lands, it fundamentally destroys a cooperative relationship between Alaska and the federal government.
Case for voting NO by the Sierra Club (April 6, 2017):
Legislative outcome: Passed Senate, 52-47-1, March 21; passed House, 225-193-12, Feb. 16; signed by Pres. Trump April 3.
Source: Congressional vote 18-HJR69 on Feb 16, 2017
- President Trump signed H.J. Res. 69, overturning the rule that banned `predator control` on federal wildlife refuges in Alaska unless `based on sound science in response to
a conservation concern.`
- Any rule mentioning `sound science` is in trouble under a Trump administration.
- So what kinds of practices will the Trump administration now allow on our federal wildlife refuges? Activities that include shooting or trapping wolves while in their dens with pups, or hunting for grizzly bears from airplanes.
- It`s all about ensuring a maximum yield of prey species like elk, moose, and caribou for the real apex predator: humans. So if having more elk requires killing wolf pups in their dens, then so be it.
- The Obama administration`s rule (which Trump revoked) never tried to stop all hunting. Subsistence hunting was still allowed. What`s changed is that the predators on federal wildlife refuges are now under the control of the state of Alaska. And that makes them prey.
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Other governors on Environment:
Jared Polis on other issues:
Gubernatorial Debates 2021:
vs.Former Gov. nominee John Cox(R)
vs.Former U.S.Rep Doug Ose(R)
vs.Former Olympian Caitlyn Jenner(R)
vs.Radio Host Larry Elder(R)
Incumbent Phil Murphy(D)
vs.State Rep. Jack Ciattarelli(R)
vs.Candidate Hirsh Singh(R)
vs.GOP Chair Doug Steinhardt(R)
Incumbent Ralph Northam(D,term-limited)
vs.Former Governor Terry McAuliffe(D)
vs.CEO Glenn Youngkin(R)
A.G. Mark Herring(D)
State Sen. Amanda Chase(I)
Lt. Gov. Justin Fairfax(D)
State Rep. Jennifer Carroll Foy(D)
State Rep. Lee Carter(D)
State Sen. Jennifer McClellan(D)
State Rep. Kirk Cox(R)
CEO Pete Snyder(R)
Gubernatorial Debates 2023:
Incumbent Andy Beshear(D)
vs.State A.G. Daniel Cameron(R)
vs.Ambassador Kelly Craft(R)
vs.State Auditor Mike Harmon(R)
Incumbent John Bel Edwards(D,term-limited)
vs.Biden Adviser Cedric Richmond(? D)
vs.Senator John Neely Kennedy(? R)
vs.Mitch Landrieu(D ?)
Incumbent Tate Reeves(R)
Gubernatorial Debates 2022:
Incumbent Mike Dunleavy(R)
vs.State Rep. Chris Kurka(R)
Incumbent Kay Ivey(R)
vs.Stacy Lee George(R)
vs.Ambassador Lynda Blanchard(R)
vs.State Sen. Malika Sanders-Fortier(D)
vs.Challenger Tim James(R)
Incumbent Asa Hutchinson(R,term-limited)
vs.Trump Adviser Sarah Huckabee Sanders(R)
A.G. Leslie Rutledge(R,withdrew Nov.2021)
vs.Ricky Dale Harrington(L)
Incumbent Doug Ducey(R,term-limited)
Mayor Marco Lopez(D)
vs.Former news anchor Kari Lake(R)
vs.Secretary of State Katie Hobbs(D)
vs.State Treasurer Kimberly Yee(R)
vs.State Rep.Aaron Lieberman(D)
vs.Karrin Taylor Robson(R)
Incumbent Gavin Newsom(D)
vs.Former Gov. nominee John Cox(R)
vs.State Sen. Brian Dahle(R)
vs.State A.G. Rob Bonta(D for AG)
Incumbent Jared Polis(D)
vs.Mayor Greg Lopez(R)
Incumbent Ned Lamont(D)
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Incumbent Ron DeSantis(R)
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Incumbent Brian Kemp(R)
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vs.State Rep.Vernon Jones(R)
vs.2020 candidate Kandiss Taylor(R)
vs.Senator David Perdue(R)
Incumbent David Ige(D,term-limited)
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vs.Lt.Gov.Josh Green(D nominee)
vs.State Rep.Kirk Caldwell(D)
Incumbent Kim Reynolds(R)
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Incumbent Brad Little(R)
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Incumbent J.B. Pritzker(D)
vs.State Sen.Darren Bailey(R)
Incumbent Laura Kelly(D)
vs.State Sen.Derek Schmidt(R)
Gubernatorial Debates 2022 (continued):
Incumbent Charlie Baker(R)
vs.State Rep. Geoff Diehl(R)
vs.Harvard Professor Danielle Allen(D)
vs.State Sen.Ben Downing(D)
vs.State Sen.Sonia Chang-Diaz(D)
vs.A.G. Maura Healey(D)
Incumbent Larry Hogan(R,term-limited)
vs.State Del.Robin Ficker(R)
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vs.State Del.Kelly M. Schulz(R)
vs.Secretary John B. King(D)
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vs.County Exec. Rushern Baker(D)
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Incumbent Janet Mills(D)
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Incumbent Gretchen Whitmer(D)
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Incumbent Tim Walz(DFL)
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Incumbent Pete Ricketts(R,term-limited)
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Incumbent Steve Sisolak(D)
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Incumbent Andrew Cuomo(D,resigned)
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Incumbent Kevin Stitt(R)
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Incumbent Kate Brown(D,term-limited)
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Incumbent Tom Wolf(D,term-limited)
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Incumbent Gina Raimondo(D,to Cabinet)
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Mayor Allan Fung(R)
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Incumbent Henry McMaster(R)
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Incumbent Kristi Noem(R)
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Incumbent Bill Lee(R)
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Incumbent Greg Abbott(R)
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Incumbent Phil Scott(R)
Incumbent Tony Evers(D)
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Incumbent Mark Gordon(R)
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